Nepal plans to relocate its Everest Base Camp because of erosion by climbers and rapidly melting glaciers

Tuesday, June 21, 2022
author picture Lina Fontaine
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Mountaineering Khumbu Glacier and Mount Everest Base Camp

In the world's highest peak‚ climbers are surrounded by year-round ice. The shifting foundation of this glacier makes it unstable. As a result‚ the base camp is at risk of moving. The Khumbu Glacier is thinning at a rate of one meter per year. This could lead to the closure of the base camp as early as 2024.

Tents set up at Nepals Everest Base camp on Khumbu Glacier‚ Mount Everest‚ on September 15‚ 2019.Frank Bienewald/LightRocket via Getty Images Climbers must pass one of the two points before they can climb. The southern point in Nepal‚ which is the best place to climb the highest mountain on the planet‚ can be found at the top of an increasingly dangerous mountain due to climate change. Nepal prepares to relocate the camp site down the mountain as the glacier near the base camp melts slowly. Human-caused climate changes are causing glaciers to retreat at an accelerated rate on Mount Everest. Taranath Adhikari (director general‚ Nepal's tourism department)‚ said that we are currently preparing for relocation. We will shortly begin consultations with all stakeholders. BBC. It's about adapting to changes at base camp. This is essential for the survival of mountaineering. A committee overseeing Everest mountaineering has made recommendations for the potential relocation. A 2018 study the Khumbu Glacier‚ located close to the base camp‚ was thinned at an average rate of one meter (or 3 feet) per year. According to Nepalese authorities it is now unsafe. The base camp is currently in danger due to erosion and cracks in the ice. Scott Watson‚ University of Leeds researcher‚ said that we see an increase in rock falls and melting water on the glaciers' surface. This can pose a danger. BBC. On February 13‚ 2015‚ a line of trekkers walked through the fresh snow near the Khumbu Glacier. This is close to the Everest base camp and the base of Mount Everest. It is a problem due to the sheer volume of people who pass through it‚ as well as the tracks‚ trash‚ and other waste that are left behind on the mountain. Around 1‚500 climbers use the camp each year. The glacier is also affected by the urination of camp visitors‚ which can reach 4‚000 liters per day in peak seasons. At 5‚364 metres (17‚600 feet)‚ the base camp is located above the snowline of the mountains. It could be moved as low as 400m (1‚310ft) to an area without ice. According to Nepalese officials‚ no final decision has been reached and there hasn't been a designated new base. The relocation may be possible as early as 2024‚ once all plans have been finalized. Read the original article on business insider