What are the symptoms of hepatitis and can it be treated?

Wednesday, April 13, 2022
author picture Gabriel Martim
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Treatment of Hepatitis - What Are the Symptoms of Hepatitis and Can it Be Treated?

Before discussing the Treatment of hepatitis‚ let us first discuss the Symptoms of hepatitis. This disease usually causes the patient to feel tired‚ lack energy‚ and sometimes‚ even nausea. Despite its name‚ the disease can cause liver damage and affect a person's eating habits. It can even result in hospitalization. Read the following information to understand the symptoms of hepatitis and know how to treat it.

Symptoms of hepatitis

There are two types of hepatitis - acute and chronic. Acute hepatitis‚ as the name implies‚ is short-lived. It usually goes away on its own within a few days‚ while chronic hepatitis does not clear up in six months or longer. Acute hepatitis is caused by a virus called hepatitis A‚ which is not as serious as hepatitis B and C. It rarely develops into chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis. Chronic hepatitis is caused by autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the liver. If the liver becomes damaged and cannot heal‚ the person will experience hepatitis symptoms. Treatment in this type involves using medicines that suppress the immune system and reduce inflammation. The cause of autoimmune hepatitis is unknown‚ although genetics and the environment play a role. Treatment for acute hepatitis does not involve medical intervention. It is best to rest‚ eat plenty of fruits and vegetables‚ and drink plenty of fluids. Chronic hepatitis‚ however‚ requires treatment and may lead to liver failure and liver cancer. Treatment for chronic hepatitis is not as effective as treatment for acute hepatitis. While it's important to be aware of possible side effects of antiviral drugs‚ the current treatments for this condition have proven to be very effective. Chronic hepatitis can cause no symptoms‚ and people with chronic hepatitis may not even know that they have the condition. People who have chronic hepatitis can still pass the virus to others. If you suspect you have chronic hepatitis‚ see your doctor right away. Chronic hepatitis can lead to liver cancer‚ so it's important to be treated as soon as possible. If you think you may be at risk for hepatitis‚ you should consider taking the vaccine to prevent the disease. It is recommended for people who have been exposed to contaminated water or food. Hepatitis A is contagious among people who share the same living environment. Moreover‚ it is also spread through sexual contact. You should avoid eating contaminated food and drinking untreated water.

Treatment options

Treatment for hepatitis C is now available thanks to several FDA-approved drug therapies. Hepatitis C affects 3.2 million Americans‚ with three in four of those affected being baby boomers. Many of these people are unaware of their infection. Thankfully‚ hepatitis C is curable with modern drug therapies. Treatment for hepatitis C is now more effective than ever before‚ and most people can go back to living normal lives without the threat of this infection. Chronic infection with hepatitis B often goes away on its own with rest‚ diet and lots of fluids. However‚ if the infection persists for more than six months‚ patients may need to take medicines to reduce their symptoms. It is important to discuss all treatment options with your doctor before starting any medicine. Treatment for chronic hepatitis C and hepatitis B are not the same‚ and each person should discuss which is right for them. Because hepatitis C has different types and genotypes‚ treatment options vary. Some medications are effective for certain genotypes‚ while others have side effects. It is also important to remember that hepatitis C can lead to liver damage‚ cirrhosis‚ and even liver cancer if left untreated. Treatment for hepatitis C may involve a combination of medications‚ so it is important to work with a physician who specializes in treating hepatitis C. Treatment for hepatitis C varies depending on the strain of the virus infected‚ and the duration of treatment will depend on the severity of liver damage. The newer medications for hepatitis C are taken by mouth and will cure you of hepatitis C in as little as eight to six months. Patients who have liver damage may require 24 weeks of treatment. In addition‚ the duration of treatment depends on the patient's genotype and other factors specific to HCV infection. Medication for hepatitis B will prevent the virus from replicating and causing liver damage. Despite this‚ medication is not a cure for hepatitis B‚ and it may be required for life. Antiviral medicines are the mainstay of treatment for hepatitis B. Antiviral drugs are effective against the virus and have very few side effects. For some people‚ medication for hepatitis B is enough to restore their health and prolong their lives.

Risk factors

There are many risk factors for hepatitis. Some people have more risk than others. People who have multiple partners‚ those who use injected drugs‚ and people with clotting factor disorders are high-risk groups. People with chronic liver disease and HIV are also high-risk groups. People who consume a lot of alcohol are also high-risk. People with hepatitis A and B are at high risk of developing the disease. Household contact with an infected person is another risk factor. The risk of contracting this disease is four times higher than for people with no risk factors. Other risk factors include IV drug use‚ history of surgery‚ and dental work. People who share sexual intercourse with a person with hepatitis are also high-risk. The risk of contracting this disease depends on the person's age‚ overall health‚ and lifestyle. People who have had a blood transfusion with a person with hepatitis C are also at increased risk. This disease may be transmitted through unprotected sex‚ use of intravenous drugs‚ and blood transfusions. Some risk factors are not statistically significant. People who have had hepatitis C or HIV are also at risk. In order to reduce the risk of contracting the disease‚ people should avoid risk factors associated with hepatitis C. People who are at high risk for HCV infection should be vaccinated to protect themselves from the disease. Vaccines are recommended for people who live in institutionalized environments‚ are HIV-positive‚ or are infected with hepatitis. People who use injection drugs‚ have multiple sexual partners‚ or have sex with men should also consider getting vaccinations. And people who use snorting equipment should be vaccinated. Another risk factor is incarceration. People who spend time in jail or prison may be more likely to contract HCV. For example‚ HIV infection may increase the risk of HCV‚ and females with genital lesions are more likely to contract the disease. However‚ age does not play a biological role in hepatitis. But sex is a major psychosocial risk factor. Cultural norms dictate that women inject drugs after their male partners‚ increasing the risk of infection. In addition‚ people with racial/ethnic minorities have poorer socioeconomic status‚ which may be a risk factor.

Hospitalization

The likelihood of successful treatment of acute hepatitis depends on the type of virus that infects the liver. Antiviral medication can stop the virus from replicating and protect the liver from further damage. Most people who are infected with hepatitis A do not require treatment‚ and the condition usually clears up on its own over a few weeks or months. In the meantime‚ treatment options can include rest and drinking water. Alcoholic beverages should also be avoided. A blood test will detect signs of hepatitis A infection. A sample of blood is taken from an arm vein and sent to a laboratory. Although there is no specific cure for hepatitis A‚ the virus can be prevented. After four weeks‚ the body starts to fight the virus and heals itself without any lasting damage. The symptoms associated with hepatitis A include fatigue‚ feeling ill‚ and having less energy. The symptoms of hepatitis A are not life-threatening and are usually treated with rest‚ fluids‚ and a healthy diet. A doctor will also prescribe antiviral medication to treat hepatitis B. Patients with this virus are advised to avoid alcohol‚ acetaminophen (including Tylenol)‚ and certain medications. Symptoms of hepatitis A are not life-threatening‚ but should not be taken on an empty stomach. The prevalence of co-infection and hepatitis C infection in the PLWH population are associated with higher rates of hospitalization. Hospitalizations are an important driver of healthcare costs among the PLWH population‚ and the increased rates of hospitalization in this group of patients is concerning to policy-makers and payers alike. Hospitalization rates of this group should be further investigated and improved as soon as possible. The number of hepatitis C inpatients increased by 49% and 11% between 2005 and 2014. This increase was due to more people becoming infected with the virus‚ and more of them need treatment for hepatitis C as well as HIV and alcoholic liver disease. Hospitalizations for hepatitis C patients also tend to be longer and more expensive than those of those in the same age group.